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Supervielle, Jules, 1884-1960, poet and writer

  • Person
  • 1884-1960

Jules Supervielle was born in Montevideo, to French Basque parents, and orphaned less than a year later during a family visit to France. Raised first by his grandmother in France, he was taken back to Uruguay by his uncle and aunt, moving with them to Paris in 1894, where he had most of his education. He married in 1907 in Montevideo, and had six children with his wife Pilar. Conscripted to serve in the First World War, he spent the Second World War exiled in Uruguay, afflicted by ill health and financial ruin brought about by the demise of the family bank. Between 1922 and the outbreak of war he published two books of poetry, Dbarcadres and Gravitations, a novel and a collection of short stories. His postwar output included the poetry collections Naissances and Le Corps tragique as well as plays and mythological tales. He met Rilke in 1925, and his close friends in the literary world included Henri Michaux and Jean Paulhan.

Brownlee, Liz, unknown, poet

  • Person
  • unknown

Liz Brownlee has been published in several poetry books, and has an MA in Writing for Young People at Bath Spa University. In September 2009, she organised a successful poetry exhibition at the Arnolfini in Bristol. She provides workshops and poetry readings to schools, libraries, literary festivals and poetry events.

Wilcox, Edwin, d 1947, journalist

  • Person
  • d 1947

Edwin Wilcox was a newspaper correspondent in Russia during the 1917 Revolution and Civil War, during which he sent regular articles to The Daily Telegraph and contemporary journals. He had lived and worked as The Daily Telegraph correspondent in Berlin prior to his work in Russia, and returned to Berlin in 1919. He retired in 1940. Wilcox regularly contributed to contemporary journals on subjects related to Russia and Germany, amongst other subjects. He spoke Russian, German, and French, and also wrote articles in these languages. During the Second World War, Wilcox was consulted on the subject of teaching foreign languages to British soldiers. He also published two books: German Sea-Power, its rise, progress, and economic basis (1914) and Russia's Ruin (1919). In his later life Wilcox lived in Newcastle upon Tyne and died in 1947.

Thomas, Donald Michael, 1935-, novelist, playwright and translator

  • Person
  • 1935-

Donald Michael Thomas, known as D. M. Thomas (born 27 January 1935), is a Cornish novelist, poet, playwright and translator.

Thomas was born in Redruth, Cornwall, UK. He attended Trewirgie Primary School and Redruth Grammar School before graduating with First Class Honours in English from New College, Oxford in 1959. He lived and worked in Australia and the United States before returning to his native Cornwall.

He published poetry and some prose in the British Science fiction magazine New Worlds (from 1968). The work that made him famous is his erotic and somewhat fantastical novel The White Hotel (1981), the story of a woman undergoing psychoanalysis, which has proved very popular in continental Europe and the United States. It was short-listed for the Booker Prize in 1981, coming a close second, in the view of some, to the winner, Salman Rushdie's Midnight's Children. It has also elicited considerable controversy, as some of its passages are taken from Anatoly Kuznetsov's Babi Yar, a novel about the Holocaust. In general, however, Thomas's use of such "composite material" (material taken from other sources and imitations of other writers) is seen as more postmodern than plagiarist.

In the 1950s, at height of the Cold War, Thomas studied Russian during his National Service. He retained a lifelong interest in Russian culture and literature. This culminated in a series of well-received translations of Russian poetry in the 1980s.

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